A huge mushroom cloud rises above Bikini atoll in the Marshall Islands following an atomic test blast, part of the U.S. military's "Operation Crossroads." July 25, 1946. A huge mushroom cloud rises above Bikini atoll in the Marshall Islands following an atomic test blast, part of the U.S. military's "Operation Crossroads." July 25, 1946.

Self Defence

How far can we go in self defence? In war, is it sometimes acceptable to target civilians who are helping the war effort? David Edmonds speaks to Helen Frowe.
Helen Frowe is Professor of Practical Philosophy and Wallenberg Academy Research Fellow at Stockholm University, where she directs the Stockholm Centre for the Ethics of War and Peace. She is also a Research Associate at the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict and at the Institute for Futures Studies. Her Books include “The Ethics of War” and “Peace and Defensive Killing”.

Philosophy 247