Deformed fetuses preserved in formaldehyde at the Tu Du Hospital, Vietnam. Deformed fetuses preserved in formaldehyde at the Tu Du Hospital, Vietnam. Reproductive abnormalities were caused by Agent Orange – one of the herbicides and defoliants used by the U.S. military as part of its chemical warfare programme, Operation Ranch Hand, during the Vietnam War. Photo by Philip Jones Griffiths.

Pentagon’s Top Secret Research Project: Saigon, 1965

In the early 1960s, the Pentagon set up a top-secret research project in an old villa in downtown Saigon. The task? To interview captured North Vietnamese soldiers and guerrillas in order to measure their morale: Was the relentless U.S. bombing pushing them to the brink of capitulation?

Saigon, 1965 is the story of three people who got caught up in that effort: a young Vietnamese woman, a refugee from Nazi Germany, and a brilliant Russian émigré. All saw the same things. All reached different conclusions. The Pentagon effort, run by the Rand Corporation, was one of the most ambitious studies of enemy combatants ever conducted—and no one could agree on what it meant.

Revisionist History